Okavango Delta

The Okavango Delta is one of the most beautiful and unspoilt places in Africa, and is highly recommended. It consists of deep water channels, palm tree islands and stretches of dryland and floodplain that brim with wildlife. The 1000th site to be inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage List in 2014, the Okavango Delta is an important wildlife area protected by both the Moremi Game Reserve, Africa’s most beautiful oasis.

The delta is a permanent and seasonal home to a wide variety of wildlife. The delta’s fresh, nutritious water attracts a multitude of animal and bird species. The vegetation is also interesting. The delta has over 500 bird species. An abundance of antelope and smaller mammals attract hungry predators. The area is well known for its herds of elephant and buffalo. Visitors can spot game grazing on open grasslands, sleeping under towering trees and quenching their thirst in floodplains.

It all starts in Angola’s western highlands. The water flows down through Namibia and finally enters Botswana where it is known as the Okavango. The Okavango River never reaches the sea but empties over the sand of the Kalahari Desert. Forming over five million years through atmospheric change and the movement of the Earth’s crust, the Okavango Delta is today a flat, dry sheet of Kalahari sand intersected by a shallow rift valley. The Okavango River flows into this channel along a major fault line known as the "panhandle".

The annual flood, dependent on rains and the ever-changing flow of the waters through the delta, can take up to nine months to reach the delta. It is a slow process as the water flows gently down with the total fall in height only 62 meters. This slow movement and the delta’s dynamic nature, results in the water having a low sediment load and thus the Okavango’s water is incredibly pure and clear. There is also a great diversity of water depths, soils, vegetation and wildlife.

Nature's remarkable way to adapt in merciless conditions is showcased here where the lack of mud could cause plants to die, but instead the plants capture the sand of the delta and act like a glue, also creating further islands on which more plants can take root.

Visitors can explore the numerous waterways on a mokoro ride or on a sunset cruise, track wildlife on a walking safari, horse back safari, enjoy a game drive, view game from above on a light aircraft or helicopter, or even on the back of an elephant.